Research Output
Return to Play practices following hamstring injury: A worldwide survey of 131 premier league football teams
  Purpose: Return-to-play (RTP) is an on-going challenge in professional football. Return-to-play related research is increasing. However, it is unknown to what extent the recommendations presented within research are being implemented by professional football teams, and where there are gaps between research and practice. The purposes of this study were 1) to determine if premier-league football teams worldwide follow a RTP continuum, 2) to identify RTP criteria used, and 3) to understand how RTP decision-making occurs in applied practice.
Methods: We sent a structured online survey to practitioners responsible for the RTP programme in 310 professional teams from 34 premier-leagues worldwide. The survey comprised 4 sections, based on hamstring muscle injury: (1) criteria used throughout RTP phases, (2) the frequency with which progression criteria were achieved, (3) RTP decision-making process, and (4) challenges to decision-making.
Results: One-hundred and thirty-one teams responded with a completed survey (42%). One-hundred and twenty-four teams (95%) used a continuum to guide RTP, assessing a combination of clinical, functional and psychological criteria to inform decisions to progress. One-hundred and five (80%) teams reported using a shared decision-making approach considering the input of multiple stakeholders. Team hierarchy, match- and player-related factors were common challenges perceived to influence decision-making.
Conclusions: General research recommendations for RTP and the beliefs and practices of practitioners appear to match with, the majority of teams assessing functional, clinical and psychological criteria throughout a RTP continuum to inform decision-making which is also shared among key-stakeholders. However, specific criteria, metrics and thresholds used, and the specific involvement, dynamics and interactions of staff during decision-making are not clear.

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  • Date:

    08 October 2019

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  • Funders:

    PUMA International Sports Marketing B.V


Dunlop, G., Ardern, C., Einar Andersen, T., Lewin, C., Dupont, G., Ashworth, B., …McCall, A. (2020). Return to Play practices following hamstring injury: A worldwide survey of 131 premier league football teams. Sports Medicine, 50, 829-840.


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