Research Output
The Future of Blue Carbon Science
  The term Blue Carbon (BC) was first coined a decade ago to describe the disproportionately large contribution of coastal vegetated ecosystems to global carbon sequestration. The role of BC in climate change mitigation and adaptation has now reached international prominence. To help prioritise future research, we assembled leading experts in the field to agree upon the top-ten pending questions in BC science. Understanding how climate change affects carbon accumulation in mature BC ecosystems and during their restoration was a high priority. Controversial questions included the role of carbonate and macroalgae in BC cycling, and the degree to which greenhouse gases are released following disturbance of BC ecosystems. Scientists seek improved precision of the extent of BC ecosystems; techniques to determine BC provenance; understanding of the factors that influence sequestration in BC ecosystems, with the corresponding value of BC; and the management actions that are effective in enhancing this value. Overall this overview provides a comprehensive road map for the coming decades on future research in BC science.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    05 September 2019

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • Library of Congress:

    GB Physical geography

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    551.457 Coasts & Beaches

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Macreadie, P., Anton, A., Raven, J., Beaumont, N., Connolly, R., Friess, D., …Duarte, C. (2019). The Future of Blue Carbon Science. Nature Communications, 10,



blue carbon; climate change; sequestration; coastal ecosystems

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