Research Output
Physiological characteristics and performance in elite enduro mountain biking
  Enduro mountain bike racing is composed of several timed predominantly downhill race stages linked by time restricted, non-competitive transition stages. This study aimed to 1) detail and compare the laboratory assessed physiological characteristics of elite and non-elite enduro mountain bike riders, and 2) evaluate the use of 10Hz global positioning systems (GPS) unit including a 100Hz triaxial accelerometer to define the demands of enduro mountain bike racing and identify components of successful performance. Eleven (n=11) male enduro mountain bike riders completed laboratory protocols for peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak), onset of blood lactate accumulation at 2 and 4 mmol/L (OBLA2 and OBLA4 respectively), intermittent sprint test (EST), and anthropometry measures. Participants were divided into elite (n=5) and non-elite (n=6) groups for analysis. Nine (n=9) elite enduro mountain bike athletes participated in field data collection at an international enduro mountain bike race. Two race stages were used for analysis of velocity, accumulated load, heart rate and time to complete specific sections of track calculated from GPS units placed on the bicycle seat mast and the rider’s torso. Elite athletes produced greater power during the EST and at VO2peak, OBLA2, OBLA4 when compared to non-elite riders (all p0.05). Accumulated load was significantly greater on the bicycle than the rider on both stages (p

  • Type:


  • Date:

    31 December 2017

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    RC1200 Sports Medicine

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    613 Personal health & safety

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Kirkwood, L., Ingram, L., Cunningham, J., Malone, E., & Florida-James, G. (2017). Physiological characteristics and performance in elite enduro mountain biking. Journal of Science and Cycling, 6(2), 13-21.



Mountain biking, enduro, performance, physiology,

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