Research Output
Investigating the association of self-regulation of learning with adolescent leisure-time physical activity
  Low levels of physical activity (PA) are associated with numerous health problems, and although a moderately active lifestyle can reduce these risks, levels of adolescent PA remain insufficient. To improve PA promotion, uptake and adherence, many psychological correlates of PA and leisuretime PA (LTPA) are being investigated. Among these, self-regulated learning (SRL) variables are positively associated and contribute to performance improvements, across domains. However, the relationship between SRL and adolescent LTPA is understudied. Study aims were (i) to determine whether self-regulatory variables (planning, selfmonitoring, effort, self-evaluation, reflection and self-efficacy), from a theoretically driven model, can predict LTPA; (ii) whether behavioural differences exist between moderate and vigorous LTPA and (iii) whether differences in LTPA and SRL variables exist among higher SRL scoring adolescents.
Ethical approval was granted, and a cross-sectional design was implemented with 411 consenting adolescents (12–16 years; mean = 13.84; 52.1% female), from a culturally representative Scottish secondary school. Hierarchical multiple regression (HMR) analyses were conducted, with data from the self-regulation of learning self-report scale (SLR-SRS; Toering et al., 2012, International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 10, 24–38; α = 0.73–0.85; ICC = 0.70–0.84, for all six subscales); and the Godin leisure-time questionnaire (Godin and Shephard, 1985, Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, 10, 141–146; α = 0.84, Sallis et al., 1993, Health Psychology, 12, 390–398). For the whole sample, only the model containing gender and selfefficacy predicted moderate LTPA, whereas the significant model, containing all SRL variables, explained 6.9% of the variance in vigorous LTPA (ΔR2 = .024, F(2,377) = 7.766, p = .007), with selfefficacy and reflection significant predictors. Higher self-regulators engaged in significantly more LTPA than lower self-regulators (P = 0.035). The significant final HMR model for higher self-regulators explained 14.4% of the variance (ΔR2 = 0.041, F2,189 = 5.234, P = 0.011 < 0.05). Only the model containing gender and self-efficacy significantly predicted moderate LTPA, whereas self-efficacy and reflection significantly predicted vigorous LTPA (ΔR2 = 0.048, F2,189 = 5.793, P = 0.005). Better self-regulated adolescents engage in significantly more LTPA than lower self-regulators. In addition to self-efficacy, reflection appears to play a key role in better LTPA performance, suggesting that these adolescents are more aware of their strengths and weaknesses and more capable of translating this awareness into learning and future action. SRL has a significant impact on LTPA, in this sample, and considering that SRL skills are amenable to training, further experimental research should assess the impact of SRL training on levels of adolescent LTPA

  • Type:

    Conference Paper

  • Date:

    14 November 2014

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • Cross Ref:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    RC1200 Sports Medicine

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    796 Athletic & outdoor sports & games


Pitkethly, A., & Lau, P. W. C. (2014). Investigating the association of self-regulation of learning with adolescent leisure-time physical activity. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(sup2), s89.



self-regulation, physical activity

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