Research Output
Investigating performance and lung function in a hot, humid and ozone-polluted environment
  Large urbanized areas, where sports events take place, have a polluted environment and can also reach high temperatures and humidity levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a hot, humid and ozone-polluted (O3) environment on (1) performance of an 8 km time trial run, (2) pulmonary function, and (3) subjective respiratory symptoms in endurance-trained runners. Using crossover randomized design, 10 male participants (mean $ \mathop V\limits^{.} {\text{O}}_{2\max } = 64.4 $ mlO2 kg−1 min−1, SD = 4.4) took part in a time trial run under four different conditions: 20°C + 50% relative humidity (rh) (Control), 20°C + 50% rh + 0.10 ppm O3 (Control + O3), 31°C + 70% rh (Heat), 31°C + 70% rh + 0.10 ppm O3 (Heat + O3). Heart rate, ratings of perceived exertion and minute ventilation were collected during the run. Lung function was measured pre and post-exercise. The runners completed a respiratory symptoms questionnaire after each trial. The completion time of both the Heat (32 min 35 s) and Heat + O3 (33 min 09 s) trials were significantly higher (P < 0.0001) when compared to the Control + O3 (30 min 27 s) and Control (30 min 15 s) trials. There were no significant changes between pre/post lung function measures or between trials. The effective dose of ozone simulated in the present study did not affect the performance and therefore, ozone-pollution, at an environmentally relevant concentration, did not compound the impairment in performance beyond that induced by a hot, humid environment.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    07 May 2010

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  • Publisher

    Springer Verlag

  • DOI:


  • Cross Ref:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    RC1200 Sports Medicine

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    612 Human physiology


Gomes, E. C., Stone, V., & Florida-James, G. (2010). Investigating performance and lung function in a hot, humid and ozone-polluted environment. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 110(1), 199-205.



Ozone pollution; Respiratory symptoms; Lung function; Athletic performance;

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