Research Output
Eye-Tracking Assistive Technologies for Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as ALS, is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, resulting in the loss of muscle control. For individuals with ALS, where mobility is limited to the movement of the eyes, the use of eye-tracking-based applications can be applied to achieve some basic tasks with certain digital interfaces. This paper presents a review of existing eye-tracking software and hardware through which eye-tracking their application is sketched as an assistive technology to cope with ALS. Eye-tracking also provides a suitable alternative as control of game elements. Furthermore, artificial intelligence has been utilized to improve eye-tracking technology with significant improvement in calibration and accuracy. Gaps in literature are highlighted in the study to offer a direction for future research.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    01 April 2022

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • Cross Ref:


  • Funders:

    New Funder


Edughele, H. O., Zhang, Y., Muhammad-Sukki, F., Vien, Q., Morris-Cafiero, H., & Opoku Agyeman, M. (2022). Eye-Tracking Assistive Technologies for Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. IEEE Access, 10, 41938-41958.



Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; artificial intelligence; assistive technology; eye-tracking

Monthly Views:

Available Documents