Research Output
Design of mobile band subsurface antenna for drainage infrastructure monitoring
  This paper presents an underground subsurface wireless sensor for drainage infrastructure water level monitoring. It operates from 800 to 2170 MHz to cover the required GSM850/900, GSM1800/1900 and UMTS bands. The system consists of a wideband antenna, transceiver, data acquisition unit and an ultrasonic sensor. The proposed antenna is a 3-dimensional inverted double F antenna and has an envelope size of 90 × 63.5 × 32 mm^3 , which is acceptably small for a cramped subsurface passageway environment. The antenna design was developed using software simulation to optimise its key parameters of return loss and radiation pattern, these being evaluated both in free space and in the partially underground environment. The design developed was then realised in hardware and tested in a representative subsurface location: a utility manhole chamber. It was found that the location of the antenna in the chamber had a significant effect on its performance, but a location that was acceptable for operational purposes was found by experiment. The overall system, including a transceiver, was demonstrated to operate satisfactorily for utility monitoring purposes, including acceptable levels of path loss for communication with mobile communication base stations.

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  • Date:

    30 July 2019

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  • Library of Congress:

    TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    628 Sanitary & municipal engineering

  • Funders:

    Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council; Horizon 2020 Framework Programme; Technology Strategy Board


See, C. H., Kosha, J., Mshwat, W. A., Abd-Alhameed, R. A., Ong, F. L., McEwan, N. J., & Excell, P. S. (2019). Design of mobile band subsurface antenna for drainage infrastructure monitoring. IET microwaves, antennas & propagation, 13(13), 2380-2385.



drainage; antenna; sensors; infrastructure; wireless sensor networks

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