Research Output
Construct and content validity of the Turkish Birth Satisfaction Scale – Revised (T-BSS-R)
  Background: The Birth Satisfaction Scale – Revised (BSS-R) is a valid and reliable scale designed to assess women’s experiences of labour and childbirth.
Objective: To assess factor structure, validity, and reliability of the Turkish Birth Satisfaction Scale – Revised (T-BSS-R) using data collected from a Turkish population.
Setting: Istanbul Ministry of Health Zeynep Kamil Women’s and Children’s Training and Research Hospital.
Participants: A convenience sample of healthy child-bearing women (n = 120) who had experienced a spontaneous vertex delivery at full term.
Method: A survey was conducted post backtranslating the T-BSS-R, with survey data analysed using confirmatory factor analysis. Results: Factor modelling found three subscales embedded in the T-BSS-R, which indicated a good model fit, χ2 = 44.67, CFI = .94; MSEA = .057; SRMR = .075. A Chi-square value of 1.33 also indicated a good fit. Means for the T-BSS-R subdimensions (1) Stress Experienced (T-BSS-SE-R) = 6.86 ± 3.10, (2) Women’s Attributes (T-BSS-WA-R) = 2.84 ± 1.89, (3) Quality of Care (T-BSS-QC-R) = 10.69 ± 3.19 and total scale = 20.39 ± 5.98. The Cronbach alpha coefficient for total scale = 0.71 and for subdimensions T-BSS-SE-R= 0.55, T-BSS-WA-R = 0.44 and T-BSS-QC-R = –0.74.
Conclusion: Data analysis determined that the T-BSS-R is a valid and
reliable instrument to measure birth satisfaction in a population of Turkish women. The T-BSS-R is available for use from

  • Type:


  • Date:

    19 March 2018

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    Informa UK Limited

  • DOI:


  • Cross Ref:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    RG Gynecology and obstetrics

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    618 Gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics & geriatrics

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Serhatlıoğlu, S. G., Karahan, N., Hollins Martin, C. J., & Martin, C. R. (2018). Construct and content validity of the Turkish Birth Satisfaction Scale – Revised (T-BSS-R). Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 36(3), 235-245.



Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health; General Psychology; Reproductive Medicine

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