Research Output
Microbes associated with fresh produce: sources, types and methods to reduce spoilage and contamination
  Global food security remains one of the most important challenges that needs to be addressed to ensure the increasing demand for food of the fast growing human population is satisfied. Fruits and vegetables comprise an essential component of a healthy balanced diet as they are the major source of both macro- and micronutrients. They are particularly important for communities in developing countries whose nutrition often relies solely on a plant-based diet. Recent advances in agriculture and food processing technologies have facilitated production of fresh, nutritious and safe food for consumers. However, despite the development of sophisticated chemical and physical methods of food and equipment disinfection, fresh-cut produce and fruit juice industry still faces significant economic losses due to microbial spoilage. Furthermore, fresh produce remains an important source of pathogens that have been causing outbreaks of human illness worldwide. This chapter characterises common spoilage and human pathogenic microorganisms associated with fresh-cut produce and fruit juice products, and discusses the methods and technology that have been developed and utilised over the years to combat them. Substantial attention is given to highlight advantages and disadvantages of using these methods to reduce microbial spoilage and their efficacy to eliminate human pathogenic microbes associated with consumption of fresh-cut produce and fruit juice products.

  • Date:

    13 March 2019

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • Library of Congress:

    QR Microbiology

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    664.001579 Microbiology in food technology

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Kaczmarek, M., Avery, S. V., & Singleton, I. (2019). Microbes associated with fresh produce: sources, types and methods to reduce spoilage and contamination. In G. M. Gadd, & S. Sariaslani (Eds.), Advances in Applied Microbiology. Vol 107, (29-82). Elsevier.



Microbial spoilage, fresh-cut produce, fruit juice, food spoilage prevention methods

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